Green tea is a beverage produced from the fresh leaf of Camellia sinensis, rich in phenolic compounds that act as antioxidants and nutrients which provide various health benefits for the prevention and treatment of various diseases.
The content of flavonoids and catechins provide green tea with diverse properties, giving it antioxidant, antimutagenic, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antiviral effects, as well as cancer-preventive properties. This tea is available in soluble powder, sachets or capsules, and can be purchased in supermarkets, online stores and health food stores.
The main benefits of green tea for the body are:
Prevent various types of cancer
Regular consumption of green tea could prevent some types of cancer, mainly prostate, gastrointestinal, breast, lung, ovarian and bladder cancer, because it is rich in antioxidants that prevent cell damage caused by free radicals, preventing the growth of cancer cells, functioning as a chemopreventive.
Promote weight loss
Because green tea contains several bioactive compounds such as caffeine, catechins and polyphenols, its regular consumption could help promote weight loss and decrease abdominal circumference.
Some studies indicate that green tea helps to accelerate the metabolism, making the body expend more energy; it also facilitates digestion, regulates the intestine and combats fluid retention, however, the results are still inconclusive and more studies are needed to prove it.
Delay cellular aging
Green tea provides a high amount of antioxidants that prevent cell aging, because they fight free radicals, making the skin stay hydrated, with a healthy appearance and preventing the formation of wrinkles.
Prevent heart disease
Green tea helps regulate cholesterol levels, mainly LDL “bad” cholesterol, thanks to its antioxidant power. In addition, it inhibits the formation of blood clots, reducing the risk of thrombosis, heart attacks and strokes.
This plant has antimicrobial properties that help fight bacteria and viruses, preventing the emergence of diseases such as colds, flu or influenza A and B, among others.
Improve dental health
Due to its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, green tea could prevent the formation of cavities and gum inflammation, reducing the risk of suffering periodontitis. In addition to this, it also helps to control bad breath.
Help regulate blood sugar levels
Thanks to the antioxidant action of catechins in green tea, which help reduce oxidative stress and improve insulin resistance and, therefore, regulate sugar levels, the intake of this tea is an excellent choice both to prevent diabetes and for those who already suffer from it.
Helps regulate blood pressure
Green tea, besides being diuretic, has catechins, a bioactive compound with antioxidant properties that could help relax blood vessels and, as a consequence, regulate blood pressure.
It could improve performance during exercise
According to some studies, regular intake of green tea helped to improve performance in endurance exercises; and it is possible that this is due to the stimulation in the use of fats by the body to generate energy and to the increase in energy expenditure.
How to prepare green tea
Green tea can be prepared alone or can be combined with lemon, mint leaves or fruits, for example, this allows to disguise the characteristic bitter taste of green tea, being easier to drink throughout the day.
- 1 tablespoon of green tea;
- 1 cup of boiled water;
- Juice of half a lemon.
- How to prepare
Add the green tea leaves to the boiled water, cover and let steep for 10 minutes. Strain, add the lemon juice and drink hot or cold.