Patients who cannot swallow a medical problem still need nourishment and fluids. Getting these out of the mouth is called artificial hydration and nutrition.
Many types of patients perform artificial hydration and nutrition. Scientists use it for patients who have temporary medical problems and have lost fluid, such as vomiting, sweating, or diarrhea. When someone dies of advanced, life-threatening disease, they can be fed artificial hydration and nutrition.
Why does our body need fluid and nourishment?
Our bodies are mostly made of water. Approximately 60% of our body weight arises from water. Stay healthy; your body needs water just as much as it needs food. We lose water every day in two methods:
- By going to the bathroom.
- You are sweating and breathing.
We eat food that provides our bodies with nutrients. These nutrients give us strength and help our bodies function correctly.
We need to eat foods every day to get the nutrients our body needs.
Path to improved health
What are the diverse ways to provide artificial hydration and nutrition?
There are two ways to replace the fluid for someone who needs it. The first method is to inject fluid properly into the vein. They are known as intravenous fluid replacement. Another way is to put Liquid under the skin. This is known as hypodermoclysis or subcutaneous fluid replacement.
Another method of artificial feeding and hydration is the nasogastric tubes (also called the NG tubes), a plastic container. The machine is placed through the nose, down the throat, and into the stomach. It can only be left for 1 to 4 weeks. If the tube should last more than four weeks, a different type of feeding tube may be used. It is placed into the stomach wall (also called a PEG tube or g-tube).
Doctors and nurses with IV fluid replacement and nutritional tubes need to look closely at the person in the hospital. But other caregivers can do hypodermoclysis at home. A doctor can show you how to do it.
How does hypodermoclysis work?
A fluid bag is attached to a long needle by a plastic tube. The needle is placed under the skin, usually on the chest, abdomen, or thighs, and the fluid flows through the bag, container, and needle and into the skin. The skin then absorbs Liquid into the body.
A small window in the tube indicates how fast the fluid is flowing. A roller clamp controls the speed of a drop. Your doctor will determine how quickly the Liquid should give. Your consultant will show you how to control tears and will tell you when to check it at home. I If you have problems, you can ask your doctor for help. A nurse or doctor needs to replace the needle every 4-7 days.
What are the common problems with hypodermoclysis?
Often, hypodermoclysis is safe. But sometimes there are problems. Here are a few things that can happen during hypodermoclysis:
The speed of the drops changes, or the drops stop. Your doctor will show you how to manage the flow rate by rotating the roller clamp.
The point where the needle is inserted becomes swollen. If you gently coat its skin, the fluid will soak better. Your doctor will show it to you. If the swelling persists or does not heal, call your doctor.
Check for skin redness. Inform your physician if the skin is red. It may be time to find another place to insert the needle.
Blood collected in the tube. They mean that the needle has gone into a vein. If this happens, contact your doctor.
the benefits of artificial hydration and nutrition
person with a temporary illness and unable to swallow needs nutrients and water. Artificial hydration and nutrition help prevent dehydration and help the patient recover from his or her disease.
Artificial hydration and nutrition do not provide many benefits to a patient who dies and dies of advanced life-threatening diseases. Because of the artificial hydration and nutrition in these patients, the patient may live a little longer, but not always.
The risks of artificial hydration and nutrition
Intravenous therapy fluid hypodermoclysis may cause infections of the IV or hypodermoclysis needle. Blood clots may form in the vein and cause pain and swelling. Overload of fluids and electrolyte imbalances can also cause side effects.
There is always a risk when someone feeds through a tube, and Liquid can enter the lungs. They can cause coughing and pneumonia. Food Pipe is often troublesome for the conscious patient, and It can cause pain, nausea, and vomiting. Feeding the tubes can also cause infections. But, patients may need to be physically restrained or calm to avoid getting out of the feeding tube.
What if artificial hydration or nutrition is not provided?
People who do not have any food or Liquid will eventually fall into a deep sleep (coma) and die within 1 – 3 week.
How do decide whether to use artificial hydration and nutrition?
Inform to your doctor about the risks and benefits of artificial hydration and nutrition. Every situation is different. Your doctor can help you make the right decision for the patient & family.