Blood Disorders Symptoms, Types, and Causes

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blood disorders
blood disorders

If your red blood cells, white blood cells, or lower circulating cells, called platelets, have issues that are vital to the formation of clots, we call those as blood disorders

 

Generally, all three kinds of cells from within your bones in the bone marrow. Those cells have there owned tasks to do. For example, Red blood cells take oxygen to the organs and tissues of your body. White blood cells fight against infections. Platelets assist clots in your blood. Blood cell disorders impair as a result of one or more of these kinds of blood cells ‘ formation and function.

 

What Are the Symptoms of Blood Disorders?

 

Symptoms differ based on the type of disease in the blood cells.

 

Red Blood Cell Disorders

 

Red blood cell disorders directly affect the red blood cells of the body. Particularly, these are the blood cells that carry oxygen to the remaining parts of your body from your lungs. There is a range of these disorders that can influence both adults and kids.

 

Anemia

 

Anemia is another type of red blood cell disorder that you need to pay your attention to. Generally, this disorder is frequently caused by the absence of metallic iron in your blood. Your body requires iron to make the protein hemoglobin. It enables your red blood cells to deliver oxygen to the remainder of your body from your lungs.

 

Thalassemia

 

Generally, these disorders are triggered by genetic mutations preventing average hemoglobin production. When there is not enough hemoglobin in the red blood cells, oxygen does not reach all parts of the body. Then the organs do not work correctly.

 

Polycythemia vera

 

Polycythemia is a gene mutation-caused blood cancer. As a result of polycythemia, your bone marrow produces too many red blood cells. As a result, your blood gets thicker and flow more slowly. That will threaten you with blood clots that can trigger heart attacks or strokes.

 

White Blood Cell Disorders

 

White blood cells assist in protecting the body from infection and foreign substances. So, white blood cell disorders can influence the immune response of your body and the capacity of your body to combat infections.

 

Lymphoma

 

Lymphoma is a blood cancer in the lymph system of the body. It occurs when your white blood cells alter and become uncontrolled.

 

There are two major types of lymphoma. We call those as Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

 

Leukemia

 

Leukemia is blood cancer that multiplies malignant white blood cells within the bone marrow of your body. That can be either chronic or acute. Unlike Acute leukemia, Chronic leukemia is progressing slower.

 

Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)

 

Myelodysplastic syndrome is a disorder that affects your bone marrow’s white blood cells. However, myelodysplastic syndrome can either progress slowly or rapidly. It leads to leukemia at times.

 

Platelet Disorders

 

When you have an injury, blood platelets are the first responders. Generally, they collect at the injury site, producing a temporary blood loss stop plug.

 

If you have a platelet disorder, there are three defects we can see in your blood. Those are,

 

  1. Not enough platelets:
  2. Too many platelets
  3. Platelets that don’t clot correctly

 

How Are Blood Cell Disorders Diagnosed?

 

Your doctor may order multiple tests, including a full blood count to see how many blood cells you have. Also, a biopsy of the bone marrow will be needed to check if your marrow has any abnormal cells.

 

What Are the Treatment Options?

 

Your treatment plan depends on the cause, age, and overall health status of yours. Your doctor may use a series of treatments to help correct the disorder of your blood cells.

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