Are you wondering why do we need to perform a blood type test at some stages in our life? Read the full article to know the reason then. While the blood of all is made up of the same essential parts, in fact, there is a lot of variety in the blood types that exist. Blood type testing is performed before an individual receives a blood transfusion and blood type checking for a pregnant woman.
Also, we can perform a blood type test to identify Blood Disorders. It will be beneficial to keep our blood health to a certain level. Doctors perform a blood type test to see if two individuals are likely to be relatives of blood. Generally, there are eight different types of blood, and the type you have is determined by the genes you have inherited from your parents.
Different Blood Types
Classifying blood by type helps avoid responses when someone receives a blood transfusion.Since some antigens may cause the immune system of a patient to attack the transfused blood, secure transfusions of blood rely on cautious blood typing and cross-matching.
We can determine the blood group by the presence or absence of specific antigens. Generally, those antigens can trigger an immune response if they are foreign to the body.
We can see markers on the surface of Red blood cells that characterize the cell type. These markers (we also call these as antigens) are sugars and proteins that our bodies use to identify the blood cells of us.
ABO and Rh are the two main blood groups.
There are four main types we can see in the ABO blood system.
- Type A
- Type B
- Type AB
- Type O
further, we can classify blood according to the Rh factors. If the blood has Rh factor, then we call it as Rh-positive, and if it doesn’t have Rh factor we call it as Rh-negative. So, there are eight possible blood types with a combination of all the above factors.
The list of blood types
- A negative. We can only see A marker in this blood type.
- A positive. We can see A marker and Rh factor in this blood type. But there is no B marker. A positive is one of the two most common blood types.
- B negative. We can only see B marker in this blood type.
- B positive. We can see B marker and Rh factor in this blood type. But there is no A marker
- AB negative. We can see both A and B marker in this blood type. But there is no Rh factor.
- AB positive. We can see all three types of markers — A, B, and Rh factor in this blood type.
- O negative. We can’t see any of three types of markers — A, B, and Rh factor in this blood type.
- O positive. We can’t see both A and B markers in this blood type. But we can see Rh factor in this blood type. O positive is one of the two most common blood types along with A positive.
Why Are Blood Types and Blood Type Tests Important?
The immune system is the protection of the body from invaders. It is capable of identifying antigens as either self or non-self. To secure a blood transfusion, the immune system of a person must acknowledge the donor cells as matching their own cells. Otherwise, the cells will be rejected if a match is not recognized.
When foreign cells enter the body, the immune system produces proteins called antibodies that act as protective. Also, your immune system will create antibodies to respond to other kinds of blood, depending on the type of blood you have. Sometimes, for some reason, you might need to know your blood type. In that case, you can perform an at-home blood type test to know what is your blood type.
Also, if you want to measure the sugar level of your blood, you can do that with the help of a blood sugar machine. You’ll need a special kit to verify your blood type at home — for example, something like Eldoncard Blood Type Test Kit.
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