Chemical peels are one of the star treatments to fight against aging and skin defects on the face, neck, and neckline.
Thanks to the action of different types of acids, superficial layers of skin can be removed, favoring its renewal, improving nutrition and oxygenation, as well as smoothing wrinkles, spots and marks of various kinds.
There are many types of chemical peelings available, and their choice depends on the condition and characteristics of the person’s skin, the problem to be treated, the time of the year and the subsequent treatments to be performed.
For example, the treatment of mature, photo-aged, and thickened skin will not be the same as for young skin with acne and blemishes. Not only will the intensity and frequency of the chemical peeling be different, but also the subsequent treatments to be performed to achieve optimal results.
The different types of chemical peels
There are three types of chemical peels used to exfoliate the skin and treat aesthetic conditions. What differentiates them is the type of acid, the intensity of each one of them, and their specific action.
It is performed with softer acids that generate a slight exfoliation, clean impurities, illuminate the skin and revitalize it.
They are applied in the case of skin cleansing, very sensitive skin with barely perceptible lines or very, very faint spots. They also offer great results in the treatment of acne vulgaris as they control sebum secretion and soften the area.
Generally, this type of peeling is performed with mild acids in low concentrations, such as salicylic and glycolic, or enzymatic peels.
Medium intensity peeling
Acids with moderate exfoliation power are used, but with greater penetration than the first ones.
They soften more marked wrinkles, remove moderate-intensity spots, combat the signs of photoaging, improve the appearance of acneic skin by correcting lesions and even minimize acne in the active phase.
Acids such as mandelic or retinoic acid, or TCA (trichloroacetic acid) are commonly used, in concentrations of between 20% and 35%.
Deep intensity peels
These are peels that act at a much greater depth, on the middle and deep dermis. The acids used are very abrasive and powerful, capable of eliminating deep wrinkles, intense blemishes, scars, and precancerous lesions.
It should be noted that this type of peeling is performed only in medical offices, not in aesthetic cabinets.
The acid frequently used for deep peeling is phenol, which is capable of brightening intensely, removing a large percentage of age marks and improving very photo-aged skin.
Chemical peels are great allies in the fight against aging, but they should be used only by trained people, otherwise they can cause irreparable damage to the skin.
For this reason, if you want to try their benefits, always try to go to recognized esthetic centers, where they have professionals trained in cosmiatry.
This article on the types of chemical peels to rejuvenate and revitalize the face is courtesy of Daniela Montecchiarini, an esthetician, cosmiatist and cosmetologist who graduated from J.F. Kennedy University.