Congenital Disorders | Symptoms, and Causes

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Congenital disorders

Congenital disorders

 

What Are Congenital Disorders?

 

Congenital disorders can be inherited or caused by environmental variables. Also, it can differ from mild to severe in their effect on the health and growth of a child. A kid with a congenital disorder may have a life-long disability or health problem.

 

Despite the presence of CDs from birth, only some are evident and can be identified when a child is born. Others may occur only later in their infancy, adolescence or later in life. For example, at birth, a neural tube defect (e.g. spina bifida) is evident. Also, hemophilia is present at birth. But it can only become apparent and diagnosed as the kid develops. There are some common congenital disorders such as albinism, neural tube defects, Down Syndrome, club foot, cleft lip/palate, Fragile X syndrome, hemophilia, cystic fibrosis, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and thalassemia

 

Neoplastic Disease

 

Neoplasia is abnormal growth and proliferation of abnormal cells or the number of abnormal cells due to benign or malignant processes. In this case, there may be benign tumors or neoplasms and malignancies. Generally, it is the malignant tumors or cancer that can metastasize when cancer spreads throughout the body.

 

Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

 

Cleft lip and cleft palates are upper lip openings or splits, mouth roof (palate) or both. When facial structures that develop in an unborn child do not close entirely, the outcome is cleft lip and cleft palate.

 

Generally, this is one of the most prevalent congenital disabilities. They happen most frequently as isolated congenital disabilities but are also associated with many genetic circumstances or syndromes that have been inherited. It may be upsetting to have a child born with a cleft, but it may be possible to correct the cleft lip and cleft palate. By the way, a series of surgeries can restore normal function with minimal scarring in most children and attain a more ordinary appearance.

 

Cerebral Palsy

 

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a muscle tone, motion, and motor skills issue. It impedes the capacity of the body to move in a coordinated and purposeful manner. It can also influence other body functions, such as breathing, bladder and bowel control, eating, and speaking, involving motor skills and muscles.

 

CP is often triggered by brain damage that occurs before or during the birth of a baby, or a child’s first 3-to-5 years. Brain damage can also cause other problems, such as problems of sight, hearing, and learning.

 

Fragile X Syndrome

 

Fragile X syndrome impacts the learning, behavior, appearance, and health of a child. Also, there may be mild or more severe symptoms. Boys are often more severe than girls. Specialized education and treatment can be given to children who are born with this genetic condition to assist them in learning and growing like other children. Also, medicines and other medications can enhance their physical symptoms and behavior.

 

Down Syndrome

 

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder. It differs between people in severity, causing lifelong intellectual disability and delays in development. Generally, it is the most prevalent chromosomal genetic disorder and the cause of children’s learning disabilities.

 

Spina Bifida

 

Spina bifida is a disorder affecting the spine and is generally noticeable at birth. Spina bifida may cause mild to severe physical and intellectual disabilities.

 

Cystic Fibrosis

 

Cystic fibrosis is a congenital genetic condition that causes constant infections of the lungs and limits breathing capacity over time and the span of life tends to be shorter than average for people with the condition.

 

Birth Defect Heart Conditions

 

Some congenital heart defects are simple in kids and need no therapy. Other birth defect heart conditions are more complicated in kids and may involve multiple surgeries over several years.

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