In this new blog post, we are going to talk about the different types of headaches. And who has not ever suffered a headache? According to the WHO, it is one of the most common disorders suffered. Several types of headache have been described, but the most frequent and the ones we encounter every day in our practice are tension headache, migraine and cervical headache.
The term headache refers to any type of pain located in the head. It is therefore the formal term for what we normally call “headache”.
In order to differentiate the different types of headaches, it is essential to conduct a good clinical interview and thus know what may be the origin of each one.
TYPES OF HEADACHES:
The main characteristic is that they are usually unilateral, of variable intensity, although they are usually intense. The pain starts in one of the two hemispheres and then spreads to the rest. The sensation of throbbing is very typical. It may be accompanied by vomiting and may be worsened by light, noise, or odors. The pain usually worsens with exertion and decreases with rest. They are genetically influenced, although they can be triggered by stress.
They are also characterized by unilateral pain in the area of trigeminal innervation, but are associated with other symptoms such as tearing on that side, red eye, nasal stuffiness, and rhinorrhea. They are usually of short duration but of great intensity and tend to recur throughout the day.
The drop in estrogen just before the period may contribute to headaches. Many women with migraines report headaches before or during menstruation.
It’s easy to confuse with migraines because the signs and symptoms of the two types of headaches are similar. Both worsen when you lean forward and may be accompanied by various nasal signs and symptoms, such as nasal congestion, pressure in the face, and clear, watery nasal secretions. Sinusitis, however, is not usually associated with nausea or vomiting, nor is it aggravated by noise and bright lights. It also usually occurs after an upper respiratory infection. Another difference is that sinus headaches usually last for days or longer periods of time.
TENSION HEADACHE (OF CERVICAL ORIGIN)
It is one of the most common headaches. It is triggered by muscular tension of the cervical and masticatory muscles. It usually begins with a sensation of constant pressure that can extend throughout the head like a helmet. It can be unilateral or bilateral, with a predominance of pain in the forehead or nape of the neck. The pain may be reproduced by palpation of the muscles that are most affected. The pain is usually less intense than those described above, but may last longer, and may even last for several days. It is one of the most interesting from the point of view of physiotherapy. We will work on the muscles to reduce this tension and the trigger points that are generating these headaches.
We hope we have clarified a little more about the different types of headaches that exist. As always, we will be happy to welcome you to our center to put an end to those annoying headaches. Do not hesitate to contact us if you have any questions.