What is the Eustachian tube Dysfunction?
The eustachian tube is a small way that connects your throat to the middle ear. Your Eustachian tubes open when you sneeze, swallow or scream. It prevents the buildup of air pressure and fluid in your ear. But sometimes a Eustachian tube can be fitted. This is known as eustachian tube dysfunction. When this happens, the sound may become compromised, and your ear may feel full. You may also experience ear pain.
Symptoms of eustachian tube dysfunction
If you have Eustachian tubes not working:
- Your ears may feel plugged or crowded.
- The noise can be confusing, but it is not.
- You may feel highlighted or clicked (children may say “ticks” in their ears).
- You may have one or both pains.
- If You can hear it ringing in your ears (called tinnitus).
- You may have trouble maintaining your balance.
As you experience altitude changes, your symptoms will get worse. They include flying on an airplane, climbing elevators, hiking or diving.
Why is the Eustachian tube malfunctioning?
The most common cause of eustachian tube failure is when the tube is inflamed, and mucus or fluid builds up. It can be caused by colds, flu, sinus infections, or allergies.
Some people are at increased risk of eustachian tubes malfunctioning. They include:
- Children. Their tubes are shorter and more robust than an adult. It makes it easier for germs to reach the middle ear, and the fluid is trapped there. Also, the immune system of children is not fully developed. They make it difficult for them to fight infections.
- People who smoke. Smoking damages cilia (small hairs that sweep mucus from the middle ear to the back of the nose). It allows the mucus to accumulate in the veins.
Obese people. The deposition of fat around the tube causes eustachian tubes to malfunction.
How to detect Eustachian tube dysfunction?
Your physician will talk to you about symptoms and examine you. They will examine your ear canal and ears, nasal passages, and the back of your throat.
Can eustachian tubes stop working?
Reduce the risk of Eustachian tubes by treating the root cause of the blockage. This is usually allergies, colds.
Eustachian tube dysfunction treatment
Symptoms of eustachian tube dysfunction normally go away without treatment. You can do exercises to open the tubes. This includes swallowing, shouting, or chewing gum. Taking a deep breath, closing the nostrils, closing your mouth, and “blowing” can help you to feel the “full ear.”
If you think your child may have Eustachian tubes dysfunctional, feed him or her. You can also give them a pacifier. These encourage a swallowing reflex.
If these strategies do not help, your physician may suggest other decisions. These may include:
Use decomposer to reduce swelling in tubes.
Use of a steroid nasal spray to reduce any allergic reaction.
Make small incisions in the ears and suction the fluid in the middle ear. They shrink the Eustachian tube lining and heals the ears (usually 1 to 3 days).
Insert small tubes into the ears. These are the fluid that builds up and flows out of the middle ear. Children with a large number of ear infections may sometimes have ear tubes. They stay for up to 18 months and fall alone.
It is using a balloon expansion system. A doctor uses a catheter (a long, flexible tube) to insert a small balloon through your nose and into the Eustachian tube. When it is inflated, the balloon opens up a pathway for mucus and air to pass through the tube. This will help you function properly.
Living with Eustachian tube dysfunction
It’s essential to control your symptoms when you have an allergy or a cold. This will keep your Eustachian tubes clear and prevent infection. Home care usually takes care of any issues. This includes exercises such as swallowing or screaming. If you/your child is showing signs of severe pain in the ear, call your family doctor.