Clearly, Our eyes are most crucial to our well-being and survival. So, it’s no wonder that most of us see the vision as the most important senses. Therefore, we have a complete fear of anything going wrong with our eyes. Eyecare has come from humble beginnings to the precise and demanding discipline it is today through a checked history. Most of the time, our vision changes with age. Other than that, Naturally, any illness, injury, or eye infection can cause even more issues, affect vision, and also cause discomfort or pain. So lest see what the common eye problems are
Age-related macular degeneration
Usually known as AMD occurs in several forms, but the disease is limited to the macula of the eye. The macula is the center spot of the retina, which is essential for central vision. The macula is dominant by the photoreceptor cone cells. With age, these cone cells will reduce in number causing AMD. We will discuss it in another post.
Cancers of the eye
Different types of cancer grow in the eyelids and orbital tissues that house the eye, but luckily, cancer in the eye is very uncommon. Cancer cells from elsewhere in the body can settle in the eye tissue and create a lump, but there are only two cancers that grow in the eye and create eye problems, one is retinoblastoma, and the other is eye melanoma.
Eye problems | Conjunctivitis /Red-eye or pink eye.
The pink eye is the most common eye problems and the most common reason individuals come to the hospital’s Eye emergency department. It’s not a single cause, but it’s a symptom of many issues, some trivial, some incredibly nasty. When you have a pink eye, it causes Swelling of the conjunctiva; It feels like something is in the eye. The most common reasons can include Viral conjunctivitis, Bacterial conjunctivitis, Allergic conjunctivitis, Irritants.
Keratitis (Corneal inflammation)
Corneal inflammation can result from a variety of triggers such as injury and the presence of foreign bodies (see below), dry eye due to lack of tears, infection, and ulcer formation.
This is because of the cornea keeps bacteria around it as long as it id healthy and uninjured, but with an injury to the surface epithelium, opportunistic bugs can enter the tissue and, if allowed to thrive, a white area develops in the clear cornea and a painful ulcer may occur. Viruses cause keratitis and also dendritic ulcers of the cornea. The virus can live in nerves and can harm them, Thereby reducing corneal sensitivity.
Blepharitis (Inflammation of the Eyelids)
Have you realized that there were crust or flakes in your eyelashes, especially close to the bottom, where they grow from the eyelid? Or maybe you’ve noticed in your eyeglasses a perennial dusting of flaky particles or eyelids appear to be red or feeling eyelids heavy, these problems can be associated with blepharitis. The most common is by far seborrhea, a disorder of oil-making sebaceous glands which is located at the eyelid base and causes them to secrete more oil than normal.
Hordeola and Chalazia(sty)
it is an eyelid infection. Therefore, sties may grow on the outside of the eyelid at the base of a hair follicle (an outer hordeolum due to an infected sebaceous organ) or on the inner surface of the eyelid (an inner hordeolum due to an infected Meibomian organ). Sties can go back either on their own or with therapy.
Uveitis (Arthritis of the Eye)
This is the particular word for uveal tissue structure swelling in the eye, the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. Specifically, iris arthritis is stating as iritis; the ciliary body is naming as cyclitis; choroid is naming as choroiditis. Uveitis can hit one or both eyes. It can cause redness, throbbing pain, and bright light trouble when it does; it can even influence the vision.
Eye Herpes (Ocular Herpes)
The eye herpes is a prevalent eye problem by a bacterial infection that affects the eyes caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1. This sort of herpes virus can cause corneal inflammation and scarring that is sometimes referred to on the eye as a cold sore.
In close contact with an infected individual whose virus is active, eye herpes can be transferred.