Gastric ulcers are painful sores in the lining of the stomach, they occur when the thick layer of mucus that protects said organ from digestive juices is reduced. In most cases, they are caused by infection with the Helicobacter pylori bacteria and by long-term use of certain non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Like ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin. In rare cases, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome causes stomach and intestinal ulcers by increasing acid production in the body.
Below you will obtain basic information about this health problem, when it is necessary to consult the doctor and how the diet should be, but not only while the disease is cured. It is key to follow a healthy diet so that the body performs each of its functions well, among other recommendations.
Common symptoms of gastric ulcers
Stomach ulcers produce various symptoms in the body, but their intensity will depend on how severe the disease is. The most common is a burning sensation or pain between the chest and the navel, which can last a few minutes or several hours. Other symptoms include weight loss, nausea, vomiting that may appear bloody, bloating, feeling full easily, or not wanting to eat any food because of the pain.
You may also have burps or acid reflux, as well as very dark stools and anemia (symptoms include tiredness, pale skin, or shortness of breath). This is a disease that is easily cured, but it can be more serious if you do not provide adequate treatment, so you should consult your doctor. It does not matter if the symptoms are mild, since if you let it get worse it will seriously affect your quality of life. It can cause bleeding, a perforation which is when the ulcer creates a hole, obstruction or even stomach cancer.
Treatment for gastric ulcer varies depending on the cause. Although it is usually solved with antibiotics and special medications, as well as follow-up exams. There is also the possibility in very rare cases that surgery will be needed. For example, by not healing, bleeding, tearing the stomach, preventing food from going from the stomach to the intestines. Symptoms of possible complications may include red or black vomit, sudden or sharp pain that does not go away, weakness, and trouble breathing. In these types of situations, be sure to go immediately to the hospital for timely medical attention.
Diet for gastric ulcers
Eating a healthy diet can benefit your digestive tract and overall health, so it’s always a good idea to increase your intake of vegetables, fruits, and fiber. However, there are some specific foods that can help fight H. pylori or stimulate healthy bacteria in your body.
For example, foods that contain probiotics, such as yogurt, kombucha, sauerkraut, and miso. Vegetables include broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, radishes, green leafy vegetables like kale, and spinach. Fruits like apples, blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, and blackberries. Extra virgin olive oil to accompany your dishes. It is also important to avoid any spicy and acidic foods or products while you heal.
How to prevent stomach ulcers?
Remember that to stay healthy it is not only necessary to have a good diet and to be in constant communication with the doctor. There are also other recommendations to consider, such as washing your hands with soap and water on a regular basis, as well as making sure you wash food and cook it well.
All this in order to prevent the spread of bacteria that can cause a stomach ulcer. Nor should you abuse medications, it is important to follow the doses recommended by the health specialist and avoid mixing them with alcoholic beverages. Take them with the right foods and liquids.