Lices are small insects that live on people’s heads and feed on human blood. Adult lice can grow up to two to three millimeters long and lay their eggs on the scalp. However, lice can also appear on pubic hair, eyelashes and eyebrows, but are most commonly found on the head.
As the lice lay their eggs, the infection can grow rapidly. If only the lice are killed but the eggs are left behind, nothing is achieved. Fortunately, in addition to medical treatments, there are a number of home remedies that can be used to get rid of head lice.
How to know if you have head lice
Symptoms of head lice include intense itching, a tingling sensation from hair movement and the presence of small red bumps on the scalp, neck and shoulders.
The spread of head lice can come from body or head-to-head contact, close proximity of belongings, sexual contact, contact with contaminated furniture, or items shared among friends and family.
How to get rid of head lice
There are a number of home remedies that we can prepare to try to get rid of head lice in adults and children.
There are several essential oils that are effective in treating head lice. Lavender, clove, eucalyptus, anise, cinnamon, red thyme, peppermint, coconut, tea tree, and nutmeg oils are the most recommended in these cases.
Mix two small spoonfuls of olive oil with 15-20 drops of any of these essential oils. The mixture is applied to the scalp with absorbent cotton and left to act overnight or at least 12 hours. In the morning, we wash our hair with shampoo, rinse and repeat the same process that night.
Another possibility is to mix 15-20 drops of essential oil with alcohol and rub it on the scalp. The mixture is also left to act on the hair for about 12 hours and washed the next day.
White or apple cider vinegar
Getting rid of lice with white or apple cider vinegar is very simple. We only have to impregnate the whole head with the vinegar, especially in the nape of the neck and behind the ears, massaging well all over the scalp without leaving a single part without applying the vinegar.
Once applied, put on a shower cap and let the vinegar work for about four hours. Afterwards, we wash our hair normally and use a lice comb or comb to remove the remains. However, it is best to apply the vinegar at night so that it acts until the next day.
Citronella is a very aromatic plant whose scent is reminiscent of lemon. It is often used as an insect repellent, including lice. In this case, we will make a citronella preparation to kill lice in adults.
For this preparation, we will need 350 milliliters of alcohol, 350 milliliters of water, 150 milliliters of liquid glycerin, and 150 milliliters of citronella oil. All the ingredients are mixed and left to macerate for a few hours to emulsify well. The resulting mixture should be applied daily to the hair and roots and left to act for about five minutes.
Garlic is a very suitable ingredient for the treatment of lice. What we must do is crush a head of garlic, mix it well with a liter of water, and bring it to a boil. Once the garlic has boiled, let it stand and strain it. Then apply it as an infusion on the scalp, put on a shower cap and leave it to act overnight.
The next day, wash well to remove the mixture and the possible smell of garlic that may remain. It is a very effective solution that can be repeated several times if necessary.
Mayonnaise is another product that, by applying it all over the hair, especially if it is short, can be a good remedy to get rid of lice. The ideal is to rub mayonnaise all over the scalp, covering the whole head.
After applying the mayonnaise, cover your head with a shower cap and leave it on for a few hours or overnight to take effect. The next day, wash your hair thoroughly and remove the mayonnaise. As it is a thick product, mayonnaise suffocates the lice. That is why it is necessary to cover all the hair well.
Home tips to avoid the return of lice
Once the lice have been eliminated with the previous home remedies, it is necessary to avoid the return of these insects. A first option to take into account is to boil the comb in water every time you use it.
In addition, if someone has had lice at home, all clothes, sheets, towels, or any other fabric that has been in contact with the infected person should be washed with very hot water.
Finally, it is very important to wash your hair from time to time with one of the above essential oils. In this way, it will be possible to prevent lice from reappearing.