It’s thought that about half of parents opt for head lice treatments you can buy over the counter. The main reason for this is that they are easy to apply. These treatments should not be used to prevent head lice, only to treatment them.
These over-the-counter treatments can be divided into two sorts – chemical insecticides and physical action products. The insecticides poison the head lice, and the physical action ones either drown or dehydrate them.
Insecticide Head Lice Treatments
The following is a guide on how to use the Head Lice Treatment. Always read the label for full instructions and complete the repeat applications as advised to avoid creating resistant head lice.
Full Marks Mousse – Contains Phenothrin and can be used six months up though it may not be suitable for anyone with eczema or asthma. Please apply to the hair and allow it to dry naturally. Don’t use heat to dry the hair quickly. After 30 minutes, wash the hair and comb through.
Full Marks Lotion – Similar to the above but alcohol-based and needs to be left on for 2 hours.
Full Marks Liquid – Contains Phenothrin and can be used from age six months. As it is water-based, it is suitable for anyone, including those with asthma or eczema. Please apply to the hair and allow it to dry naturally. Don’t use heat to dry it quickly.
The product needs to be left on for 12 hours, so applying before bedtime is ideal. Then wash the hair with ordinary shampoo and comb it through with a head lice comb.
Prioderm Lotion – An alcohol-based formula is containing 0.5% Malathion. It’s suitable for those over six months but best avoided by those with asthma or eczema.
Use to dry hair and leave on for at least 2 hours. Leave it on for a further 10 hours to kill the nits. Then shampoo the hair and comb through with head lice comb.
Prioderm Cream Shampoo – Contains 1% Malathion. It’s suitable for those over six months. Wet the hair thoroughly and use enough shampoo to create a rich lather. Leave on for 5 minutes before rinsing through and then repeat the process.
If the hair is still wet, comb the head with a lice comb. Repeat three days later and then three days after that.
Physical Action Lice Treatments
These are the latest generation of treatments on the market and are ideal for those reluctant to use insecticide based products. It’s thought that head lice resistance is unlikely to use these products. Always read the label for full instructions.
Full Marks Solution – The solution works by dehydrating the lice and eggs. It can be used by those over age two years, including asthma and eczema sufferers. Apply to dry hair and leave for 10 minutes before combing out. Then wash the hair with a non-conditioning shampoo.
Hedrin – Contains Dimethicone, which blocks the way the lice pass out water so they “drown.” It can be used from age six months upwards.
The treatment needs to be carried out twice, seven days apart. Apply to dryhair and leave on for 8 hours or overnight. Then wash the hair and comb through to remove the dead lice and nits.