What is heart valve disease?
Heart valve disease occurs when cardiac valves are not working properly; Normal heart valves are structures that are thin and smooth. They are directing blood through the chambers of the heart, and They also stop blood flowing back into the chambers of the core. Heart valves can scarify and thicken over moment.
problems can occur.
- When the valves do not open as they should cause stenosis.
- Insufficiency occurs when the valves are unable to close.
The most prevalent types of heart valve disease are aortic stenosis and mitral valve regurgitation, both stenosis and regurgitation are prone to all four valves in the heart.
Other types of heart valve disease?
That’s the consequence of rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever happens when there is no treatment for a childhood disease like scarlet fever or strep throat. It is much less common today in The U.S. due to the use of antibiotics to avoid infection. But it is still seen in nations with issues with overcrowding and sanitation problems.
When two mitral valve does not close smoothly or uniformly. This enables blood to flow through the valve backward, causing a heart murmur. It does not cause any long-term issues in most instances, but it may require therapy in some instances.
Sometimes (but rarely) it can turn into a severe illness that creates abnormal heartbeats, called arrhythmias, which can eventually become life-threatening.
What is aortic valve leakage that enables blood to flow in two (instead of one) directions when the valve is open.
This force the heart to work harder to leak back into the left ventricle to make up for the blood. It is most frequently triggered by high blood pressure, age, or heart tissue bacterial infection. It can even lead from syphilis or injury that has not been treated.
This is the narrowing of the valve that limits blood flow between the top and bottom areas of the right side of the heart. Most instances are either triggered by infectious endocarditis (an infection of your heart’s internal lining) or rheumatic fever.
This allows blood to leak back to the right atrium. This leakage can cause the right atrium in the neighboring rooms and blood vessels to enlarge and boost stress. It is often triggered by an enlarged reduced heart chamber, but illnesses such as valve infection (infective endocarditis) or rheumatic fever, injury, and carcinoid tumors can also influence it.
This can trigger by narrowing of the pulmonary valve. It is most frequently caused by a congenital heart defect, although rheumatic fever or carcinoid syndrome may also result from it.
Regurgitation of the pulmonary valve that enables blood to flow back into the chamber of the heart before it enters the lungs for oxygen. It is most frequently caused by pulmonary hypertension or congenital heart failure, but may also result from infectious endocarditis, carcinoid syndrome, or rheumatic fever.
and Symptoms of heart valve disease
The main symptoms of heart valve disease is an abnormal sound of a heartbeat, called a heart murmur. With a stethoscope, it’s something your doctor can hear. But many individuals have heart murmur without heart valve disease, or without any other signs or symptoms, they may have heart valve disease.
Your doctor can use other tests to determine if the murmur is abnormal, including an x-ray neck, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, or cardiac catheterization. Heart valve disease often changes over time. So, other signs and symptoms will not happen in some instances until many years after the first hearing of a heart murmur.
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