Hepatitis C is a liver infection. The hepatitis C virus causes it. About four million people in the US have the disease. But it causes several symptoms, so most of them are unknown. The virus circulates within the blood or body fluids of an infected person.
There are many forms of hepatitis C virus or HCV. Type 1 is the most common in the United States. Nothing more dangerous than anything else, but they respond differently to a treatment.
Hepatitis C stages
Hepatitis C virus affects people in many ways and has several stages:
Growth period. This disease is the time between the first exposure to the onset. It can last everywhere from 14 to 80 days, but the standard is 45
Acute hep c. This short-term disease and lasts for the first 6 months after the virus enters your body.
Chronic Hep C If your body does not remove the virus on its own after six months, it becomes a chronic infection. They lead to serious health problems, such as liver cancer or cirrhosis.
Cirrhosis. This disease will eventually replace your healthy liver cells with scar tissue. It normally takes 20 – 30 years for this to happen, but if you drink alcohol or are HIV positive.
Liver cancer. Cirrhosis is linked with an increased risk of liver cancer. Your surgeon will make sure you get regular checkups as there are usually no symptoms in the early stages.
What are the symptoms of Hepatitis C?
Most people with hepatitis C have no symptoms. But within two to six weeks, the virus will enter your blood, and you will see:
- Clay-colored flower
- Dark urine
- Loss of appetite
- Stomach upset
Symptoms usually last 2 to 12 weeks.
How do you get hepatitis C?
Blood contaminated with Hepatitis C virus Hepatitis C spreads when blood enters your blood by contact with an infected person’s blood or body fluids.
You may be expose to the virus:
- Sharing drugs and needles with injectable drugs
- Sex, especially if you have STIs, HIV infection, multiple partners, or just having sex.
- Trapped by infected needles
- Birth – A mother can give it to a child
- Sharing personal care items such as toothbrushes, razor blades, and nails
Dressing a tattoo or piercing with dirty equipment
You can’t catch Hepatitis C:
- Intimate relationships
- Holding hands
- Mosquitoes bite
- Sharing eating pots
- Sharing food or drinks
Symptoms of advanced hepatitis C
You may also see severe symptoms:
- Fluid buildup in the abdominal cavity or legs (edema)
- Your Brain Not Work (Encephalopathy)
- Kidney failure
- Easy bleeding and bruising
- Severe itching
- Loss of muscle
- Problems with memory and concentration
- Spider-like veins on the skin
- Vomiting of blood in the lower esophagus
- Weight loss
- Hepatitis C Risk Factors
- The CDC recommends that you check for the disease if:
- Blood received from an infected donor
- Have ever injected or inhaled drugs
- Before July 1992, a blood transfusion or organ transplant was performe.
- Before 1987, there was a blood product used to treat coagulation problems
- The aging society with the highest infection rate was born between 1945 and 1965
- Long-term renal dialysis
- Born to a mother with hepatitis C
- There should be signs of liver disease
- Piercing with tattoos or dirty equipment
- Ever been in prison
Hepatitis C screening and diagnosis
Doctors will start by testing your blood:
Anti-HCV Antibodies: These are the proteins your body produces when it detects the Hep C virus in your blood. They usually take about 12 weeks after infection.
In some places, a rapid test can be done, but it usually takes several days to a week for results to be obtained.
The results may be:
Reactive or negative:
That means you don’t have Hep C.
If you have been expose for the past six months, you should check again.
That intends you have Hep C antibodies, and you are infected at some point.
You need another test to confirm.
If your antibody test is positive, you will receive this test:
HCV RNA: It counts the number of viral RNA (genetic material from the hepatitis virus) in your blood. They usually show up 1-2 weeks after you are infected.
The results may be:
Negative: You don’t have Hep C.
Positive: You currently have Hep C.
As a component of the diagnostic process, you may also receive:
Liver Function Tests: They measure protein and enzyme levels, which usually last seven to eight weeks after you are infected. When your liver is damaged, the enzymes leak into your blood.
Hepatitis C treatment and action
If you have serious hepatitis C, there is no confirmed treatment. If your hepatitis C becomes a chronic hepatitis C infection, there are several actions:
Interferon, peginterferon, and ribavirin are the main treatments for hepatitis C. Symptoms such as fatigue, fever, anemia, skin rashes, mild anxiety, depression, nausea, and diarrhea can cause side effects.
But hep C treatment has changed a lot in recent years. You are now more likely to get one of these actions:
Daktalasvir (Daklinsa). You take these pills once a day with Sofosbuvir for 12 weeks.
Sophosbauer-Velpatasvir (Epclusa). These daily pills you take for 12 weeks should cure your disease.
Ledipasvir-Sophosbauir (Harvoni). Once a day, these pills cure the disease in most people for 8-12 weeks.
Glacaprevir and Pibrantesvir (Mavriet). These daily pills provide a short 8-week treatment cycle for older patients with all types of HCV who do not have cirrhosis and have not already been treat. Treatment for people with other conditions is longer. The prescribed dose for this medicine is three tablets a day.
Ribavirin (Copegus, Moderiba, Rebetol, Ribaspierre, Virazol). They come as a tablet, capsule, or liquid. Make sure you eat twice a day, morning and evening, for 24 to 48 weeks or more with food.
Sofosbuvir with interferon and ribavirin. Take this tablet with food at the same time every day. You should take it with ribavirin and / or interferon, and you will stay on it for 12 to 24 weeks.
Ombitasvir-paritaprevir- ritonavir (Technivie): You take this tablet by mouth, perhaps with ribavirin.
Ombitasvir-paritaprevir-dasabuvir-ritonavir (Viekira Pack). The treatment is a combination of pills: two you take once a day, and one you take twice a day. It makes you 12 to 24 weeks.
Sofosbuvir-Velpatasvir-voxilapravir (Vocevi). This combination has been approving for the treatment of adults with chronic HCV with cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis.
Elbasvir-Grasoprevir (Sepatier). Approximately 97% of those treated with these pills once a day is a cure.
What are the side effects Hep C?
The various natural effects of hepatitis C drugs depend on medicine and often include:
Symptoms such as fever
Low blood counts
What are the complications of Hepatitis C?
Between 75 and 85% of people with it develop a chronic infection called chronic hep C. If left untreated, it can cause:
Cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver
Can You Prevent Hepatitis C Infection?
There is no vaccine to inhibit hep C. To prevent the virus from occurring:
Use latex condoms every time you have sex.
Don’t share personal items such as razors..
Do not distribute needles, syringes, or other equipment during the injection.
Be cautious if you get a tattoo, make piercings, or crafts. The equipment may have someone else’s blood.
Can Hepatitis C Be Cured?
The purpose of antivirus is called a sustainable virological response. If you test your blood negative for the virus three months after completing the treatment, you are considered cured.
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