Anemia can be classified as a syndrome, which manifests itself with symptoms and signs because when we talk about anemia we are indicating a decrease in red blood cells in our blood whose normal limits vary with age and sex.
Our red blood cells are composed of hemoglobin, a protein rich in iron, which gives it the characteristic red color, hemoglobin transports oxygen from the lungs to the different organs and tissues of the body, it also transports the carbon dioxide resulting from metabolism to the lungs where it is eliminated, as this process is essential for the functioning of our body.
When iron stores are low in our body, red blood cells are smaller and have lower hemoglobin content, resulting in anemia.
The manifestations of anemia often depend on the causes that produce it , since symptoms usually appear when the syndrome is very advanced, since anemia progresses slowly.
The most common symptoms of anemia are tiredness, fatigue, muscle weakness, pale skin or mucous membranes, hair loss, poor concentration, learning and memory, headache or dizziness, mood swings, irritability, and feeling short of breath. .
Anemia can be caused by different circumstances:
The lack of iron in our diet since it is poorly balanced in vitamins and minerals, it could be said that an unbalanced diet is being taken.
Due to blood loss, accidents, internal bleeding, surgery or cancer.
Sometimes it occurs because the body does not produce enough red blood cells, it can be due to hereditary factors.
Women are more likely to suffer from anemia due to their menstrual cycle, at the time of having a childbirth, in addition their quest to lose weight can lead to more severe problems of anemia since dieting without nutritional support does not allow their body receive a good concentration of iron.
Know some foods that will help you fight anemia.
These foods are rich in iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid nutritionally indicated to prevent anemia.
Rich in iron: lean meats especially red ones, the liver is an excellent ally, fish, shellfish, vegetables, fruits (spinach, chard), legumes, cereals, rice, lentils, chickpeas, whole wheat bread, nuts, almonds, pistachios, walnuts etc.
Rich in vitamins B12 and B9: seafood, milk (dairy products), soy, broccoli, colicero banana, dark green leaves, such as spinach among others. You may also be interested in ›How to detoxify the liver.
Rich in folic acid: green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, strawberries, blackberries, among others.
Vegetarians can get iron from whole grains, fortified cereals, green leafy vegetables, spinach, dried fruits, tofu, soybeans, and other legumes.
These foods are important in preventing and fighting anemia.
Remember that if you have hereditary anemia it is not possible to prevent it, but in other circumstances it can be treated, consuming this type of food helps you prevent it, if the symptoms persist it is recommended to consult a specialist to find out the causes.