Inflammatory bowel disease in dogs: One of the tasks that any dog owner will not tell you with pleasure is cleaning up dog poop or diarrhea. Dogs can vomit and have diarrhea for a variety of reasons. However, if your dog has had seizures for several weeks, they may develop a gastrointestinal disorder called inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
What is inflammatory bowel disease in dogs?
Irritable bowel disease or inflammatory bowel disease in dogs as in humans is actually not a disease process but a syndrome. A syndrome is a multitude of symptoms that occur together and thus characterize a certain disease process. A disease is a specific process in the body that has a specific cause and characteristic of symptoms.
While these definitions sound very similar, there are syndromes in which a specific causative disease process is not clear. IBD as a syndrome is characterized by chronic irritation to your dog’s gastrointestinal tract, but the underlying cause of this irritation can be a number of things. This inflammation can undermine the ability of your dog’s intestines to properly digest and absorb nutrients, leading to malabsorption and general signs of gastrointestinal upset.
What causes inflammatory bowel disease in dogs?
The real cause of your dog’s IBD can be infections, allergies, an abnormal immune system, and even genetics. Infectious agents that can cause IBD can include bacteria such as Salmonella and E. coli, protozoa (single-celled organisms) such as Giardia, and intestinal parasites. Allergens that cause IBD in dogs, unlike wheat and other carbohydrates, most often come from protein sources.
What are the symptoms of IBD in dogs?
Your dog’s IBD will manifest itself differently depending on which part of the gastrointestinal tract is primarily affected. If your dog’s IBD primarily affects the stomach, the main symptom is vomiting. If your inflammatory bowel disease mainly affects your gut, your primary symptom is diarrhea, either with or without blood or with and without phlegm.
If your dog’s IBD is more chronic, they may experience weight loss, decreased appetite, lethargy (more lying around), or a fever over time. However, some dogs may actually experience an appetite uptake in which they eat voraciously to make up for the malabsorption of food in the intestines.
How is IBD diagnosed in dogs?
IBD can only be definitely diagnosed by microscopic examination of biopsies taken from your dog’s intestinal lining. A veterinary pathologist looks for inflammatory changes in your dog’s intestinal tissue samples, the hallmark of IBD. Obviously, biopsy specimen collection is an invasive procedure that often requires general anesthesia to be preserved through abdominal surgery.
If your dog goes to the vet for vomiting or diarrhea, your vet will not schedule your dog for an operation the next day, even if it is chronically interrupted. Instead, your veterinarian may do more basic tests first, such as B. Blood tests, X-rays and the examination of a stool sample. While these tests cannot diagnose IBD, They can rule out other common causes of GI signs in dogs, such as pancreatitis, gastroenteritis, colitis, and intestinal debris. If these tests all come back normal, your vet may choose to treat your dog’s GI disorder with “standard GI therapeutics,” including fluid therapy (whether that fluid is intravenous through an IV catheter or subcutaneously under the skin), medication, and instructions for a mild diet at home. If this doesn’t fully resolve your dog’s GI signs, your veterinarian may begin diagnosing and treating IBD.
Your vet may choose to treat your dog’s GI disorder with “standard GI therapeutics,” including fluid therapy (whether that fluid is given intravenously through an IV catheter or subcutaneously under the skin), medications, and Instructions for a Mild Diet at Home.
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If this doesn’t fully resolve your dog’s GI signs, your veterinarian may begin diagnosing and treating IBD. Your vet may choose to treat your dog’s GI disorder with “standard GI therapeutics,” including fluid therapy (whether that fluid is given intravenously through an IV catheter or subcutaneously under the skin), medications, and Instructions for a Mild Diet at Home. If this doesn’t fully resolve your dog’s GI signs, your veterinarian may begin diagnosing and treating IBD. Your veterinarian may start diagnosing and treating IBD. Your veterinarian may start diagnosing and treating IBD.
Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs
Unfortunately, inflammatory bowel disease cannot be cured in dogs, just like humans. Instead, your veterinarian will develop a treatment plan to manage your dog’s IBD symptoms. This treatment plan can consist of medication, a special diet, or a combination of both. Your veterinarian may prescribe a corticosteroid such as prednisone and / or an antibiotic such as metronidazole for your dog to help reduce inflammation and bacterial overgrowth in your dog’s gut. They may also recommend a special diet, either homemade or by prescription, to help relieve your dog’s GI signs while ensuring a complete and balanced diet.
The treatment plan for your dog may need to be adjusted based on your dog’s response. This is because Not only can IBD affect dogs differently but also that the causative agent of inflammatory bowel disease in one dog may be different from that of another dog,
How to prevent IBD in dogs
Unfortunately, because there are so many causes of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs, there is no guaranteed way to prevent it. Occasional vomiting and diarrhea when you get into something your dog shouldn’t be having can be normal. However, if your dog has been struggling with either issue for a while, speak to your veterinarian about what could be causing your dog’s symptoms.