What do you know about migraines?

Migraine is described as a severe pain or shooting sensation that usually occurs on one side of the head and is accompanied by other symptoms, such as nausea and sensitivity to light. Migraine attacks can last from a few hours to days, managing to interfere with daily activities. Making some lifestyle adjustments can help prevent a migraine or make it less painful, but if the situation does not improve, it is very important to schedule an appointment with your doctor to make sure it is not a more serious problem.

Common symptoms 

Migraines that appear from childhood, adolescence or when you are a young adult tend to progress through three phases. However, not all people with migraine go through every stage.


A day or two before your migraine occurs, you may begin to experience several subtle changes in your body. This would be a list of some of the signs that would indicate an upcoming migraine.

  • Humor changes
  • Food cravings
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Neck tension
  • Constipation
  • Frequent yawning


This stage can occur before or during migraines, each of the symptoms begin gradually and can last from 20 to 60 minutes. Some examples of migraine aura include.

  • See shapes, bright spots, or flashes of light.
  • Tingling sensation in an arm or leg.
  • Weakness or numbness of the face or one side of the body.
  • Difficulty speaking clearly.
  • Uncontrollable shaking or movements


When migraine occurs, it remains up to 72 hours if it is not treated and the frequency of its appearance depends on each person, since they can appear on a few occasions or several times during the month.

  • Pain that can occur on one side of the head, front, or back, even the temples.
  • The pain may be throbbing or stabbing.
  • Sensitivity to light, sound, sometimes smells.
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Post drome: When the attack passes, you will likely feel exhausted, confused, and a mild headache may persist. Remember that the intensity of all these phases is different for each person.
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Causes of migraine

The reasons why migraine appears are not entirely clear, it is believed that environmental factors and genetics may play a role. Some imbalances in brain chemicals are implicated, including serotonin, which helps regulate pain in the nervous system.

Some triggers

Learn to identify them in one of the forms of prevention. Factors that can lead to a migraine episode include bright lights, strong sounds and smells, changes in weather, lack of sleep, or sleeping too long. It also affects hormonal changes in women, high levels of stress, alcoholic beverages and excess caffeine. Salty and processed foods, aged cheeses, skipping meals or fasting.

How to prevent migraine?

Medication is one way to treat migraine headaches, but learning how to take care of yourself to prevent and understand how to deal with pain when it occurs is very important. This combination is the most effective way to control migraine. Here are some tips for maintaining a health-promoting lifestyle.

Find a quiet environment

When you identify the first sign of a migraine, it is best to take a break and get away from whatever it is you are doing. You can also try turning off the lights, relaxing in a dark and quiet room, remember that the pain is worsened by sensitivity to light and sound. Another option is temperature therapy.

For this you can apply hot or cold compresses to your head or neck, ice packs have a numbing effect while heat helps to relax tense muscles. Although everyday stress is hard to avoid, try to keep it under control, so don’t look for more activities to do and skip some. Take short breaks, do something you enjoy at least 15 minutes a day, or do breathing exercises.


Sleep and eat well 

Set regular sleep times, so try to go to bed and wake up at the same time each day. Minimize distractions in the room, do not watch a lot of television or take your work to bed, if you cannot fall asleep read a little or do a quiet activity while feeling drowsy. In the same way, try to eat at the same time, do not skip the main meals and include healthy foods.

Keep a migraine diary

Writing down what happens when your migraines start will help you determine your triggers, so write down what you were doing at the time, how long they last, and what gives you relief. Although living with migraines is a daily challenge, choosing a healthier lifestyle can make all the difference.

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